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  1. #1
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    Predefinito La Pontificia Accademia delle Scienze



    http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/po...n/index_it.htm

    HISTORY OF THE PONTIFICAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

    The Pontifical Academy of Sciences is international in scope, multi-racial in composition, and non-sectarian in its choice of members. The work of the Academy comprises six major areas: Fundamental science; Science and technology of global problems; Science for the problems of the Third World; Scientific policy; Bioethics; Epistemology.

    ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT

    The Pontifical Academy of Sciences has its roots in the Academy of the Lincei which was founded in Rome in 1603 as the first exclusively scientific academy in the world. The Academy of the Lincei achieved international recognition, but did not survive the death of its founder, Federico Cesi.

    In 1847 Pope Pius IX reestablished the Academy as the Pontifical Academy of the New Lincei. Pope Pius XI renewed and reconstituted the Academy in 1936, and bestowed upon it its present name.

    Since 1936 the Pontifical Academy of Sciences has grown increasingly international in character. While continuing to further the work of the separate sciences, it stresses the growing importance of interdisciplinary cooperation.

    Today the Academy's activities range from a traditional interest in pure research to a concern with the ethical and environmental responsibility of the scientific community.
    THE PREMISES OF THE ACADEMY

    The premises of the Academy are in the exquisite Casina which was built in 1561 to serve as a summer residence for Pope Pius IV. Surrounded by the greenery of the Vatican gardens, the Casina is a well-preserved treasury of sixteenth century frescoes, stucco reliefs, mosaics and fountains.

    WHO ARE THE PONTIFICAL ACADEMICIANS?

    The Pontifical Academicians are eighty women and men from many countries who have made outstanding contributions in their fields of scientific endeavour. They are nominated by the Supreme Pontiff after being elected by the body of the Academicians.

    The Pontifical Academicians participate in study groups and meetings organized by the Academy to examine specific issues. Their deliberations and scientific papers are published by the Academy. They assemble in the Vatican in the Casina of Pius IV for Plenary Sessions.


    RELATIONSHIP TO THE HOLY SEE

    The Pontifical Academy of Sciences is an independent entity within the Holy See. Although its rebirth was the result of papal initiative, and though it is placed under the direct protection of the reigning Supreme Pontiff, the Academy defines its own goals with regard to its statuted aim:

    "...to promote the progress of the mathematical, physical and natural sciences and the study of epistemological problems relating thereto" (Statutes 1:2).

    Pius XII underlined the Academy's freedom of inquiry in an address of 1940 to the Academicians:

    "To you noble champions of human arts and disciplines the Church acknowledges complete freedom in method and research...".

    Since the deliberations and studies which it undertakes are not influenced by any one national, political or religious point of view, the Academy constitutes an invaluable source of objective information upon which the Holy See and its various bodies can draw.
    ECONOMY

    The operating expenses of the Academy are defrayed mainly by the Holy See. In addition, gifts from foundations, firms, membership organizations and individuals have enhanced the Academy's efficacy and outreach.
    ORGANIZATION AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

    The Academy is governed by a President who is nominated from among the Academicians by the Supreme Pontiff.

    The President is assisted by a Council and by the Chancellor.

    The Academy maintains relationships and publication exchanges with other academies and with institutions of scientific research.

    It is a member of the International Council of Scientific Unions.
    PUBLICATIONS

    Among the many publications produced by the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, three series stand out: the SCRIPTA VARIA, DOCUMENTA and the COMMENTARII.

    Under the SCRIPTA VARIA heading, major works are published such as the full reports on the Study Weeks held at the Academy. Owing to their scientific importance, many volumes in the SCRIPTA VARIA series have appeared as co-editions with foreign publishers.

    The small-format DOCUMENTA series enables the summaries and conclusions of Study Weeks to be made public with minimum delay. This serie is also a means of rapid diffusion of Papal addresses to the Academy, and of significant documents such as the Declaration on the Prevention of Nuclear War.

    The COMMENTARII contain notes and memories as well as special studies concerning scientific subjects.

    A list of the Academy's publications is available upon request.

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  2. #2
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    Predefinito



    Gli accademici ad oggi:

    * LEDERBERG Joshua
    * LE DOUARIN Nicole M.
    * LEE Tsung-Dao
    * LEHN Jean-Marie
    * LÉNA Pierre J.
    * LEVI-MONTALCINI Rita
    * MALU Félix wa Kalenga
    * MANIN Yuri I.
    * MENON M. Govind K.
    * MINTZ Beatrice
    * MITTELSTRASS Jürgen
    * MOLINA Mario J.
    * MÖSSBAUER Rudolf L.
    * MOSHINSKY Marcos
    * MURADIAN Rudolf
    * MURRAY Joseph E.
    * NIRENBERG Marshall W.
    * NOVIKOV Sergey P.
    * NOYORI Ryoji

    * ARBER Werner
    * BALTIMORE David
    * BATTRO Antonio M.
    * BECKER Gary S.
    * BEKOE Daniel A.
    * BERG Paul
    * BERTI Enrico
    * BLOBEL Günter
    * BOHR Aage
    * BOON-FALLEUR Thierry
    * CABIBBO Nicola
    * CAFFARELLI Luís A.
    * CAVALLI-SFORZA Luigi L.
    * CHANG Te-Tzu
    * COHEN-TANNOUDJI Claude
    * COLOMBO Bernardo M.
    * CORY Suzanne
    * CROXATTO Hector R.
    * CRUTZEN Paul J.
    * DE DUVE Christian
    * EIGEN Manfred
    * ESCHENMOSER Albert
    * GARCÍA-BELLIDO Antonio
    * GERMAIN Paul
    * HÄNSCH Theodor W.
    * HAWKING Stephen W.
    * HELLER Michael
    * HIDE Raymond
    * KAFATOS Fotis C.
    * KEILIS-BOROK Vladimir I.
    * KHORANA Har G.



    * OLECH Czeslaw
    * PALADE George E.
    * PAVAN Crodowaldo
    * PHILLIPS William D.
    * POLANYI John C.
    * POTRYKUS Ingo
    * PRESS Frank
    * PUPPI Giampietro
    * QUÉRÉ Yves
    * RAMANATHAN V. (Ram)
    * RAO Chintamani N.R.
    * RAVEN Peter H.
    * REES Martin J.
    * RICH Alexander
    * RUBBIA Carlo
    * RUBIN Vera C.
    * SAGDEEV Roald Z.
    * SELA Michael
    * SIEGBAHN Kai
    * SINGER Maxime F.
    * SINGER Wolf J.
    * SZCZEKLIK Andrzej
    * THIRRING Walter E.
    * TOWNES Charles H.
    * TUPPY Hans
    * VICUÑA Rafael
    * YANG Chen Ning
    * WITTEN Edward
    * ZEWAIL Ahmed H.
    * ZICHICHI Antonino


    Honoray Academicians

    * COTTIER Georges M.M., O.P.
    * JAKI Stanley L., O.S.B.
    * MALDAMÉ Jean-Michel, O.P.
    * MARTINI Carlo Maria



    * DI ROVASENDA Carlo Enrico
    * WHITE Robert J.

    "Perdurante Munere" Academicians

    * COYNE George V., S.J.
    * FARINA Raffaele, S.D.B.



    * PAGANO Sergio, B.
    * SÁNCHEZ SORONDO Marcelo

    http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/po...icians_en.html

  3. #3
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    Predefinito

    400 anni di SCIENZA al servizio dell'uomo. A.M.D.G.
    Alla fine l'8 per mille alla Chiesa cattolica serve anche per la ricerca scientifica, insomma

 

 

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